Amam, Amemet, Ahemait and Ammemet
Ammit was depicted with the
head of a crocodile or dog, the front part of her body as a lioness or leopard,
and her hind quarters inthe form of a hippopotamus, a combination of those
animals which were considered as the most dangerous to the Ancient Egyptians.
OfAmmut, an Egyptian papyrus (No.
en emsuh; pehu-s em tebt
her-ab-set em ma.
the fore-part of a crocodile; her hind-quarters are those of a
hippopotamus; her middle part [is that] of a lion.
She dwelt in Underworld in the Hall of Ma'at
(some say The Hall of Double
Ma'at or Hall of the Two Truths) waiting for her next victim. She was the the
embodiment of reckoning for all the sins onecommited during ones earthly life. She was known as the
'Eater of Hearts', 'The Devourer' and 'Great of Death'. Most believe that her
name is translated as "Devourer", but could
also be "Bone Eater", and she was known as "Devourer of millions" leading to the
suggestion that the god Am-heh was one of her aspects.
Her name, is generally translated as "Devourer",
but could leading to the suggestion that the god Am-heh was one of her aspects.
Some scholars have linked Ammit with the Hippopotamus goddess
Tawaret, because of the similarities in
their appearance and their role in fighting evil. From other writings, she was
known as the "Dweller in Amentet'' or the 'Devourer of Amentet'', the place where the sun set in the West, it
was associated with death and the netherworld where Ra traveledduring the night.. The name Amentet referred to both the
west bank of the Nile and to the world of the dead, and the dead were sometimes
known as "Westerners". Originally, Amenti (or Amentet) was considered to be the
place where the sun set at the entrance to the netherworld, but the name was soon applied to cemeteries and tombs across
Egypt. In at least one papyrus, Ammut was
depicted as crouching beside the lake of fire in the infernal regions of the
underworld. In other legends, Ammit stands by a lake of fire into which the
unworthy hearts were cast, rather than eatin them. In this role, Ammit was
more the lake guardian than a destroyer, In still another version, Ammut ate the
condemned person, rather than only the heart. An evil person then dissolved
forever in her stomach.
She was not a goddess one worshiped, but one who
was to be feared. It reminds me of the saying "I'll put the fear of god in you".
And the ancient Egyptians religion had this theory of "putting the fear of
Ammit" into people, frightening them of imminent, dire
consequences of not following the moral code of Ma'at. She sits under the
"Scales of Justice"
Anubis in his role as psychopomp (literally
meaning the "guide of souls) guides the new souls through the underworld, he
tests their faith and their knowledge of the gods. As he brings them to the
Scales of Justice during the ceremony of the Judging of the Heart, he places
their heart on the scale on which their heart is measured against the feather of
Ma'at. Should the heart be light as the feather, the soul would then be lead by
Anubis to be presented to Osiris. Should the heart be heavy, it is fed to Ammit
and the soul destroyed. Those whose souls were devoured were not permitted to
enter Aaru,or the Egyptian reed
fields.(Paradise) having to be restless forever, effectively dying a second
time. It has even been suggested that she was also a protector of Osiris,
because of her position at the Judgment. There were also a number of spells from
The Book of the Dead and amulets the deceased could use to increase their
chance of success.
papyrus of Ani, in a speech made by the gods to Thoth, says:
The Osiris [the scribe Ani], whose
word is true, is holy and righteous. He has not committed any sin, and he has
done no evil against us. The devourer Ammut shall not be permitted to prevail
depiction of Ammit in a late period papyrus, showing her decorated leonine body,
and crocodile head.
Some experts have linked Ammit with the goddess
Tawaret, who has a similar physical appearance and, as a
companion of Bes, also protected others from evil. Other authors have
noted that Ammit's lion characteristics, and the lake of fire, may be pointers
to a connection with the goddess Sekhmet.
two pics from