She became mother
and protector of all the deceased.Closely becoming associated with Bastet, Wadjet, and Sekhmet with whom she guarded the
body of Osiris and merged with them during
the Old Kingdom. In some magical texts she was called Mistress of Punt, which
may point to her origin.
As a maternal
deity, Shesmetet was the mother of the king in the Pyramid Texts, where the king
appears as a star between the thighs of the Ennead. As second mother Sekhmet is
mentioned. To say the words : ''Unas is a great one. Unas came out between the
thighs of the Divine Ennead.
Unas was conceived
by Sekhmet. It is Shesemtet who gave birth to Unas (as) to a star with sharp
front, with wide stride, which brings provender for the road of Ra everyday.
Unas has come to his throne which is over the Nebti-goddesses,
and Unas appears as a star."
Shesemtet was an ancient lion-headed sky-goddess
and Eye of Ra
and as such a protective deity at times called upon to perform magic in order to
combat death causing demons. She was associated with the shesmet-girdle, a belt
symbolizing divine power and worn by Sopdu, who was a
god of war associated with the eastern borders and the eastern Desert, known as
the "lord of the east", and by kings of the Early Dynastic Period and the Old
Kingdom, and her name may have derived from it.
Some say that the
goddess and was a manifestation of Sekhemet. Originally she seems to have had
the shape of a woman, since the 5th dynasty, under the influence of her
association with Bastet she became a lion-headed deity. At times she was shown
sporting four heads, apart from her own those of Wadjet, Bastet and Sekhmet.
There are several
small tmples that exist at the mouth of the Wadi Hellal on the road to the gold
mines od the Eastern Dessert. Standing on the desert edge is a terraced temple
dedicated to the goddess Shesmetet Greek name Smithis, which has a wide set of
stairs leading to a pillared forecourt and a sanctuary carved out of rock. The
complex was built by PtolemyVIII, EuergetesII and SoterII. By Dieter Arnold,
Ancient Egyptian Architecture
from Tour Egpyt