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Tut txt






"Living Image of Amun"


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The legendary Boy King

For many people, the tomb of this young Pharaoh represents

 a fragment of what untold treasures and maybe

 documents that others had before and after his passing

 into the afterlife. He eluded Carter and Carnarvon for

years. He  continues to raise as many questions today as he did

when found over 80 years ago. What is it that draws us into the

 depths of his 19 years of life? Is it the mystery of his

untimely death?  Or the fact that his father, the herectic king,

Akhenaten changed the way Egypt lived and

 worshipped, or is it the "curse", or maybe the awesome

 treasure that was found in his tomb? The words

of Howard Carter are still being called today;

 "Yes I see wonderful things....

Everywhere the glint of gold".

 Just looking at the face on the golden mask runs

chills up my spine as I stare at it in awe and wonderment.

 Who was this beautiful young man?

 Short vintage footage of Howard Carter and his team 

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As I have stated in all the stories I write, I am by far no expert

 in this field. I tell it as I see it. I will write about the so called curse,

 the treasure and the mystery surrounding his death, the

 countless theories and you be the judge. The dates are

 only approximate due to the conflicting mounds of so

 called "experts", who are not in agreement.

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tut from nancy

Picture taken by Shardahab and is used with permission.


I want to start this section with Tutankhamun's royal lineage.

Royal Lines of the Eighteenth Dynasty  

1) Ahmose, first Pharaoh of the dynasty, ruled at the age

of 10 for 25 years in or around 1550 BC -1525 BC

2) Amenhotep I, left no heirs. Came to power in or around

1526 BC- 1503 BC

3) Tuthmosis I, a commoner and military man married Amenhotep's

 sister Ahmose-Nefertary. Came into power in or around

1504 BC- 1491 BC. Ahmose-Nefertary bore him 2 sons and a

daughter, Wadjmose, Amenmose & Hatshepsut.

The sons both died before gainning the throne.

4) Tuthmosis II, Son of Tuthmosis I, mother was a secondary

royal wife, Mutnofret who was herself the sister of Tuthmosis

I's principal queen, Ahmose-Nefertary. He ruled in or about

 1491 BC-1479 BC.

5) Queen Hatshepsut daughter of  Queen Ahmose and TuthmosisI

  who was co regent and wife of Tuthmosis II, his concubine

 gave birth to Tuthmosis III. Hathsepsut left no hiers. Ruled

jointly and briefly in or around 1479 BC- 1473 BC before she

 soley ruled Egypt on her own. She disappears from the records

in or about 1458 B.C.

6)Tuthmosis III, said to have been the dimise of Hatshepsut

and her daughter; Princess Nefrura.  Ruled from 1504 BC

until his death in 1450 BC

7) Amenhotep II

8)Tuthmosis IV

9) Amenhotep III

10) Amenhotep IV , later had his named changed

 to Akhenaten.

11) Smenkhare MIA... possibly Nefertiti

12) Tutankhamun

13) Ay


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Here is the list of people who were part of this man's young

 life and who they were.

Akhenaten; Tutankhamun's father

Nefertiti; Tutankhamun's step mother

Kiya; Tutankhamun's natural mother a Mitannian

 princess Tadukhepa, daughter of Tushratta

Ankhesenamun; Tutankhamun's wife and third

daughter of Nefertiti

Ay; distant uncle & visier to Akhenaten and successor to the

 throne after the death of Tutankhamun

Horemhed; Great Commander under Tutankhamun,

 and last Pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty

 Smenkhare (still debate over this individual)

Nakhtmin, who was a military officer under Horemheb

Maya, Tutankhamun's Treasurer and Overseer 

 Usermontju and Pentu, his to viziers of upper and

 lower Egypt

 Huy, the Viceroy of Nubia.

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Crowned as the new leader at the tender age of nine

or ten in and around 1336 B.C.. in Memphis.And I say

this due to the fact there are no documents that were

found when Carter opened the tomb. To Carter's

dismay, little is known about this dynasty. What we

do know is that Tutankhamun was a minor king. He

did not have a war with anyone nor did he have pyramids

 built etc. Unlike other Pharaoh's before and after him,

 he played only a minimal role in Egypt's ancient history.

His claim to fame was the so called untouched tomb with

 a mother load of treasure and antiquities they found

buried along with him. With a lack of ducumentation,

this dynasty is still remains debatable among

Scholars and Egyptologists.

What we do know is that when he was born he was given

 the name "Tutankhaten", "The living image of the Aten".

 Which leads me to believe he was the direct descendant of

Akhenaten, the heretic king. Just as other Pharoahs

before and after, he too held a throne name.

Neb-Kheperu-re, "Lord of Manifestations is Re.

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His mother is still a bit of a mystery, but I feel Kiya who was a

secondary wife was his natural birth mother. As strange as

 it may sound in year two of his reign, (about age 10) his name

 was changed to "Tutankhamun", "The living image of Amun".

 His father left him a country in chaos and dispair. With

religious upheaval this young man had quite the under

taking. His father Akhenaten turned to monotheism, to

 worship only the sun-god, the Aten. And as we all know

there were several dozen gods the ancients worshiped.

The first thing he had to do was to restore the old religion.

 His being so young, his power was shared with Ay and


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Some say that he more than likely spent his early years in Amarna. 

 It is even said that he started a tomb in Amarna. At age of about

nine he was married to Ankhesenpaaten, his half sister,

 daughter of Nefertiti, who later changed her name to

Ankhesenamun.  It is written that Ankhesenpaaten was

older then Tutankhamun because she was of child bearing age.

 Some even say that she had a child by her father, Akhenaten.

Although I have not seen any evidence to this. However, I do

feel that it could have been possible. 

 It seems he did not succeed Akhenaten directly as ruler of

 Egypt, but either an older brother "Smenkare" or his uncle Ay

or quite possibly Nefertiti who could have gone

by the name "Smenkare" .

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I believe Tutankhamun probably had two daughters later,

but no sons. I get this notion from the two tiny mummies that

were found in his tomb in their own sarchophagus. These

 were lost until, I believe it was Bob Brier who found them

a few years ago. Seen in this photo behind Anubis in a

 wooden box. These children were not carried to term.

 And to my knowledge no DNA has been extracted to confirm

 that they actually fathered by Tutankhamun.




tut children

The first tiny mummy is less than 12" high (30 centimeters)

 And as you can see they even had a funeral mask for the

 children. This one was intact the other it is said was found in

some sort of embalming debris in a pit and discovered in 1907.

In 1932, autopsies were performed on these tiny mummies.

It is said that the autopsies revealed they were female.

Both born prematurely.

Another examination was done with the larger mummy

with radiography. It appears that Spina Bifida and other

malformations were present at time of death.

"Spina bifida is a defined as any abnormal development of the bones of the spine that

 display a typical pattern, with or without the involvement of the brain, nerves or covering

of the nerves (meninges). It is the most common congenital spine abnormality.

 The term spinabifida covers a range of malformations that always include deformities

 of certain parts of the vertebrae, the spinous process and vertebral arch.

 Some have described this process as a failure of these bones to fuse during

early fetal development."

Now as funny as this may sound, some people believe

that one of these mummies is an alien by-product.

I have seen several web sites claiming this is proof of an

alien life form or what's left of it. So you be the judge.

tuts children

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Although he played a minor role in ancient history,

he did manage to do a few things before his untimely

 demise. Some of the work he did manage, included the

continuation of work done in Karnak and Luxor. Unfortunately, Ay and

 Horemheb tried to take credit for the work the young Pharaoh

carried out. This may explain why he was not listed on the kings lists.

His building work at Karnak and Luxor included the continuation

 of the of the entrance colonnades of the Amenhotep III temple at Luxor,

 including associated statues, and his embellishment of the Karnak

 temple with images of Amun, Amunet and Khonsu.


There were also a whole range of statues and sphinxes depicting

Tutankhamun himself, as well as a small temple in the king's name.

  We also know, mostly from fragments, that he built at Memphis. 

 At Kawa, in the far south, he built a temple.  A pair of granite lions

from that temple today flank the entrance to the Egyptian

 Sculpture Gallery at the British Museum.

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Tutankhamun and Ankhesenamun from the back of his gold throne.


Soon after the Pharaoh's death, his young queen, Ankhesenamun is

overwhelmed by the thought that she would have to marry

 any one of the powerful men left behind by her beloved

 Pharaoh. In desperation she writes to the king of

the Hittites, Susppiluliumas I explaining what has taken place

 so suddenly.

 She implores him to send one of his sons to

marry her as soon as possible.  Cautious and very doubtful of this good

fortune falling into his lap he immediately dispatches a messenger

 to investigate the queen claim.

Once he returned to Suppilulumas I, he sends his son as

future Pharaoh Zannanza.  Sadly he never makes it.

Apparently he got no further than the border,

he was then murdered more than likely

 by the command of Ay and Horemheb. 

Just a not on the last paragraph;

I have read that this so called letter that

was sent to the Hittite king, could have been sent by Nefertiti.

As we all know, Ankhesenamun was forced to marry Ay, then shortly

after she disappears from all records. Some say that Ay was probably

the brother of Tiy who was the wife of Amenhotep III.  Amenhotep III

 was most likely Tutankhamun's grandfather.  He was also

 probably the father of Nefertiti, the wife of Akhenaten. 

Therefore, he got to go first, as king, followed a short time

later by Horemheb.  

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The most recent findings on the death of

King Tut seem to conclusively indicate that he died of

natural causes, rather than being murdered.

Specifically, the latest report is that he died of gangrene

caused by a broken leg.


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The Treasure

Unfortunately I will not be posting all of the tombs contents...

I would here till next year lol. So just a few of my favorites.


This has to be my favorite piece of the colection.On this openwork gold buckle

Tutankhamun is shown riding in his chariot, ostensibly returning from fighting

 against the Asiatics and the Nubians.


Pectoral of Kheper Scarab

And who can forget this one.

On this pectoral, the outer face is inlaid with colored glass and semi-precious stones,
the reverse with chased decoration. The motif of the scarab pushing solar disc has
been elaborated to form the king's prenomen, Nebkheprure.
Gold Cloisonne Earrings
Just stunning, I love the little cobras at the end.
Tutankhamun's Ceremonial Crook and Flail


Gold Dagger and Sheath
Dagger length: 31.9 cm, blade 20.1 cm
Sheath length: 21 cm, width 4.4 cm
Tutankhamun's Gold Throne
The Canopic jars
Sarcophagus of Brown Quartzite
The box of this fine sarcophagus is made of brown quartzite
and the lid is made of pink granite tinted to the color of the box.
Why two different stones should have been used is not obvious,
unless the reason was that the intended quartzite lid was
not ready in time for the funeral and a granite lid of indifferent quality,
which happened to be available, was substituted for it.
There was another puzzle too: the granite lid was broken in
two and the fracture, which was concealed with cement and
paint, must have occurred before the shrines were put in position.
No explanation seems possible, except that the king's
premature death made it necessary to hurry
the work and an accident happened
Symbolism for magical purposes was an important feature
of Egyptian funerary equipment. On the sarcophagus it is seen
most clearly in the graceful figures of four goddesses, Isis, Nephthys,
Neith, and Selket, carved in high relief on the corners,
their wings outspread to protect the body
within the sarcophagus..


Gold Death Mask of Tutankhamun

It weighs about twenty - four pounds

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A big thank you to Tahani of Gulf Mystery Desingn

 for designing these beautiful ancient images.

Unfortunately she is no longer online.

©Gulfmystery Design 2000-2004
All rights reserved

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