And another who has
been over looked and again,very little information.
Urthekau was the
lion headed goddess who was also depicted as a snake with the head of a woman
and dwelt in the state sanctuary. The goddess was dedicated to protect the dead
against the evils in Duat. She often appeared in the form of a snake on funerary
objects, particularly weapons. She also was depicted on ivory knives as a charm
to protect pregnant and nursing mothers. She protected the sun god and acted as
a wet nurse for the pharaohs. The pharaoh in part derived his right to rule from
his mother, who would normally be the previous king´s Great Wife. As a result it
was sometimes suggested that the queen became the goddess when she bore the next
pharaoh. This myth was referred to by Hatshepsut, to help support the legitimacy
of her rule.
The name Urthekau
means "She who is rich in spells", leading some to believe that instead of being
a distinct deity that she might have been a form of Isis. She is also associated
with Wadjet and Sekhmet and the story of the "Eye of Ra".
She was the wife of
Re-Horakhty and wore his symbol (the sun disc) on her head along with a cobra on
Wasret or Wosret, means "the
powerful female one".
Rare image of
Wosret, the figure to the right on a dual stele of pharaoh Hatshepsut (centre
left) in the blue Khepresh crown offering oil to the deity Amun and her nephew
who would become Thutmose III behind her in the hedjet white crown - Vatican
Wosret, Wasret, or
Wosyet meaning the powerful one was an Egyptian goddess with a cult centre at
Thebes. She initially was a localised guardian deity, whose cult rose widely to
prominence during the twelfth dynasty when three pharaohs were named as her
sons, for example, Senwosret - the man (son) of Wosret, also spelled as
Senusret. She was rarely depicted and no temples for her have been identified.
In Greek she is Sesostris.
One example of a
depiction of Wosret is on the stela shown above where she is the figure farthest
to the right. She is wearing a tall crown with the Was scepter upon her head,
which was related to her name, and carrying other weapons such as spears as well
as a bow, arrows and an axe, symbolizing the military might of her city of
Thebes. The Was scepter upon her head was a symbol of power and dominion thought
to be derived from cattle herding cultures that arose in Egypt during 8,000 B.C.
The staff may have depicted the penis bone of her son, the bull. Possibly she
was the earliest consort of Amun at Karnak, preceding Mut. On the stele above
Amun is depicted to the left.
Middle Kingdom pharaohs of Theban origins take her name
as an element in their own, such as Sen-Wosret, meaning "man belonging to
The hieroglyph for the Was is
This symbol also represents the Set-animal. Was
scepters were carried by gods, pharaohs, and priests, as a symbol of power, and
in later use, control over the force of chaos (Set). Was scepters are often
depicted in paintings, drawings, and carvings of gods, and remnants of real Was
scepters have been found constructedof faience or wood.
She later was
superseded by Mut and became an aspect of Hathor. She also was identified with
the protection of the deity Horus, Isis' son when he was young.
Background from Wendy's